What are the 4 C's when selecting
a diamond wedding or engagement ring?
Your wedding or engagement ring is
selected according to it's Cut, Colour, Caret or Clarity.
These are the 4 C's when selecting any type of diamond
ring. We have a look below at the 4 C's in more detail.
The cut of your wedding or engagement
ring refers to the diamond and is the most important
of all the C's. It ultimately determines the brilliance
or dullness of the diamond. There are primarily two
types of diamond cuts, 'The Step Cut' and 'The Brilliant
Cut'. From these cuts a further 8 cuts are commonly
See our section on diamond
cuts for more information
The highest value diamond is one
that has absolutely no colour whatsoever. If you were
to purchase such a diamond, it would be categorised
with the letter 'D' and cost a small fortune. As each
diamond varies in colour and colour depth, so does the
value of each diamond.
As diamonds change in colour through
the colour spectrum, they are assigned a letter anywhere
from colourless ('D') to Z. For example, diamonds in
the lower end of the alphabet (eg. D, E, F) are almost
icy-white in colour, whereas diamonds in the mid range
(eg,I, J, K), are considerably warmer in colour.
The colour you choose largely depends
on both your personal taste, and of course your budget
The clarity of a diamond refers to
it's purity or it's level of obvious or subtle flaws.
Just like the diamond colour scale above, diamond clarity
is categorised by it's flaws and determines the value
of a diamond (the more flaws, the less valuable).
A diamond with no obvious flaws or
blemishes would be categorised by the letters 'VVS'
(very very slight), 'VS' (very slight) or 'VI1' (Slight
A diamond which is neither flawed
or flawless would be categorised by the letters 'SI2'
(Slight Inclusion 2) and would generally mean that the
flaws in the diamond a faintly visible to the naked
A diamond that has obvious flaws
and blemishes that are visible to the naked eye, would
be categorised 'I' (Inclusion). These diamonds are the
least valuable of all.
The term 'carat' simply refers to
the weight of a diamond and can help to determine the
value of the diamond. A carat is equal to 1/5 of a gram.
Whilst the weight of a diamond is important, the cut,
clarity and colour of the diamond must also be taken
into careful consideration when determining overall
For example, if you have a large
diamond but it has been poorly cut, then it's value
would be vastly diminished.
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